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Crni ribiz – Ribes nigrum L.

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CRNI RIBIZ – Ribes nigrum L.

Crni ribiz je 2 metra visok listopadni grm. Cvat je viseći grozd a plod je crna sjajna bobica. Cijela biljka ima vrlo karakterističan, pomalo neugodan miris. Samonikla je biljka u srednjoj i istočnoj Europi, a kultivira se u područjima umjerene klime.

I. Upotrijebljeni dio

List, plod

II. Aktivni sastojci

List:

  • brojni flavonoidi: hiperozid, rutozid, astragalozid, heterozidi kvercetola i kemferola
  • eterična ulja
  • diterpenske kiseline
  • vitamin C

Plod:

  • 10-16% šećera
  • vitamin C (do 300mg/100g)
  • heterozidi flavonoida i antocijana (cijanodol i delfinodol)
  • organske kiseline: limunska i jabučna
  • kalijeve soli
  • pektin

III. Farmakološko djelovanje

List:

  • diuretik
  • antiflogistik – protuupalno djelovanje
  • antihipertenzitiv

Plod:

  • vazoprotektor i angioprotektor
  • blagi spazmolitik
  • antioksidans

IV. Indikacije

List:

  • alergije
  • reumatoidni artritis, giht, bol u zglobovima i opća upala zglobova
  • uremija, infekcije mokraćnog sustava, prevencija kamenaca u mokraćnom sustavu
  • proljev i arterijska hipertenzija

Plod:

  • noćno sljepilo, progresivna kratkovidnost, retinalna distrofija
  • jačanje kapilara, poboljšanje mikrocirkulacije i venske cirkulacije
  • proljev

V. Kontraindikacije, rizici i interakcije s lijekovima

Listovi i plodovi u potpunosti su sigurni i neškodljivi.

 

Viri

1.- Chanh PH, Ifansyah N, Chahine R et al. “ Comparative effects of total flavonoides extracted from Ribes nigrum leaves, rutin and isoquercitrin on biosynthesis and release of prostaglandins in the ex vivo rabbit heart.” Prostaglandins Leukot Med. 1986 Jun; 22(3):295-300.
2.- Costantino L, Albasini A, Rastelli G, Benvenuti S. “Activity of polyphenolic crude extracts as scavengers of superoxide radicals and inhibitors of xanthine oxidase”. Planta Med. 1992 Aug;58(4):342-4
3.- Fitt B, Smith G y Hornby D. “Acción fungicida de la sakuranetina, flavonoide presente en la droga de Ribes nigrum”. Plant Soil 66,405(1982); CA 97, 195966 (1982).
4.- Ulmann L, Blond JP et al. “Effects of age and dietary essential fatty acids-borage and black currant –(Ribes nigrum) on desaturate activities and on fatty acid composition of liver microsomal phospholipids of adult rats”. Lipids 1991 Feb;26(2):127-33.
5.- Bertomeu MC, Crozier GL et al. “Selective effects of dietary fats on vascular 13-HODE synthesis and platelet-vessel wall interactions ». Thromb Res. 1990 Sep 1;59(5):819-30.El aceite de semillas de grosellero negro aumenta la disponibilidad de ácido linoléico para la síntesis de ácido 13-hidroxioctadecadienoico, que tiene acción inhibidora de la adhesión plaquetaria a la pared vascular.
6.- Tate GA, Zurier RB. “Supression of monosodium urate crystal-induced inflamation by black currant (Ribes nigrum) seed oil”. Agents Actions.1994 Nov;43(1-2):35-8.
7.- Declume C. “Anti-inflamatory evaluation of a hydroalcoholic extract of black currant leaves (Ribes nigrum)”. J Ethnopharmacol 27,1-2: 91-8,1987 Nov.
8.- Jonadet M, Meunier MT et al. “Flavonoids extracted from Ribes nigrum and Alchemilla vulgaris.Invitro inhibitory activities on elastase, trypsin and chymotrypsin. Angioprotective activities compared in vivo”. JPharmacol.17,1:21-7,1986 Jan-Mar
9- Loew D, HeimshotV et al. Fitofármacos. Farmacología y Clínica de los diuréticos vegetales. En:”Diuréticos. Química, farmacología y terapéutica incluida fitoterapia”. Barcelona: Salvat, 1991:232-25
10.- Suzutani T, Ogasawara M, Yoshida I, Azuma M, Knox YM. “Anti- herpesvirus activity of an extract of Ribes nigrum L”. Phytother Res 2003

Jun; 17(6): 609-13.
11.- Garbacki N, Angenot L, Bassleer C, Damas J, Tits M. “Effects of prodelphinidins isolated from Ribes nigrum on chondrocyte metabolism and COX activity”. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2002 Jun;365(6):434-41. Epub 2002 Apr 26.
12.- Declume C. “Anti-inflammatory evaluation of a hydroalcoholic extract of black currant leaves (Ribes nigrum)”. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989 Nov;27(1-2):91-8.

Bibliografija

1.-  Fitoterapia aplicada. JB.Peris, G.Stübing  y  B.  Vanaclocha. Ilustre Colegio Oficial de Farmacéuticos de Valencia. 1995.
2.- Plantas medicinales y drogas vegetales para infusión y tisana. S. Cañigueral, R. Vila y M. Wichtl. OEMF internacional 1989.
3.-Fitoterapia: Vademecum de Prescripción. Plantas Medicinales. B.Vanaclocha. S.Cañigueral. Editorial Masson. 4ª edición.
4.-Plantas Medicinales. El Dioscórides Renovado. Pio Font Quer.
5.-Farmacognosia. 2ª Edición. Jean Bruneton.
6.- Catálogo de Plantas Medicinales. Consejo General de  Colegios Oficiales de Farmacéuticos. 2003.
7.- Plantes Médicinales des Régions Tempérées. Bézanger-Beauquesne, Pinkas, Tork et Trotin. Maloine SA Editeur. 1980.
8.- Carretero E. Compuestos fenólicos.:Flavonoides. Panorama Actual del Medicamento 2000;24 (234):525-8.
9.- PDR for Herbal Medicines. Medical Economics Company, Montvale Second Edition, 2000; pp 94-6.

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